Топ-100

В космос вместе с НАСА

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А вот удивительнейшей красоты инстаграм американского Национального управления по воздухоплаванию и исследованию космического пространства — НАСА. У аккаунта порядка трех с половиной миллионов подписчиков, а в профиле дан классный совет: «Изучай Вселенную и нашу родную планету». 

Накануне, между прочим, имела место самая важная космическая встреча этого десятилетия: аппарат NASA New Hori­zons встретился с Плутоном и хорошенечко разглядел его. 

Предлагаем отправиться в путешествие по Вселенной вместе с НАСА и любознательной редакцией Бигпикчи. 

(Всего 20 фото + 5 видео)

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Gor­geous Plu­to! The dwarf plan­et has sent a love note back to Earth via our New Hori­zons space­craft, which has trav­eled more than 9 years and 3+ bil­lion miles. This is the last and most detailed image of Plu­to sent to Earth before the moment of clos­est approach, which was at 7:49 a.m. EDT Tues­day — about 7,750 miles above the sur­face — rough­ly the same dis­tance from New York to Mum­bai, India — mak­ing it the first-ever space mis­sion to explore a world so far from Earth. This stun­ning image of the dwarf plan­et was cap­tured from New Hori­zons at about 4 p.m. EDT on July 13, about 16 hours before the moment of clos­est approach. The space­craft was 476,000 miles (766,000 kilo­me­ters) from the sur­face. Images from clos­est approach are expect­ed to be released on Wednes­day, July 15. Image Cred­it: NASA #nasa #plu­to #plut­ofly­by #newhorizons#solarsystem #nasabe­yond #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

The Hub­ble Space Tele­scope turns 25 years old today! Cel­e­brate with us as we share incred­i­ble images from Hub­ble: This NASA Hub­ble Space Tele­scope image cap­tures the chaot­ic activ­i­ty atop a three-light-year-tall pil­lar of gas and dust that is being eat­en away by the bril­liant light from near­by bright stars. The pil­lar is also being assault­ed from with­in, as infant stars buried inside it fire off jets of gas that can be seen stream­ing from tow­er­ing peaks. This tur­bu­lent cos­mic pin­na­cle lies with­in a tem­pes­tu­ous stel­lar nurs­ery called the Cari­na Neb­u­la, locat­ed 7,500 light-years away in the south­ern con­stel­la­tion Cari­na. Hub­ble’s Wide Field Cam­era 3 observed the pil­lar on Feb. 1–2, 2010. The col­ors in this com­pos­ite image cor­re­spond to the glow of oxy­gen (blue), hydro­gen and nitro­gen (green), and sul­fur (red). Cred­it: NASA, ESA, and M. Liv­io and the Hub­ble 20th Anniver­sary Team (STScI) #Hubble25 #hub­ble #hst #tele­scope #nasa #space

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Astro­naut Scott Kel­ly is seen inside a Soyuz sim­u­la­tor at the Gagarin Cos­mo­naut Train­ing Cen­ter (GCTC), Wednes­day, March 4, 2015 in Star City, Rus­sia. Kel­ly, along with Expe­di­tion 43 Russ­ian cos­mo­naut Mikhail Kornienko of the Russ­ian Fed­er­al Space Agency (Roscos­mos), and Russ­ian cos­mo­naut Gen­nady Padal­ka of Roscos­mos were at GCTC for the sec­ond day of qual­i­fi­ca­tion exams in prepa­ra­tion for their launch to the Inter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion onboard a Soyuz TMA-16M space­craft from the Baikonur Cos­mod­rome in Kaza­khstan at 3:42 p.m. EST on March 27. As the one-year crew, Kel­ly and Kornienko will return to Earth on Soyuz TMA-18M in March 2016. Pho­to Cred­it: (NASA/Bill Ingalls) #nasa #iss #yearin­space #iss1years #spaces­ta­tion #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

A sin­gle cres­cent moon is a famil­iar sight in Earth­’s sky, but with Sat­urn’s many moons, you can see three or even more. The three moons shown here — Titan (3,200 miles or 5,150 kilo­me­ters across), Mimas (246 miles or 396 kilo­me­ters across), and Rhea (949 miles or 1,527 kilo­me­ters across) — show marked con­trasts. Titan, the largest moon in this image, appears fuzzy because we only see its cloud lay­ers. And because Titan’s atmos­phere refracts light around the moon, its cres­cent «wraps» just a lit­tle fur­ther around the moon than it would on an air­less body. Rhea (upper left) appears rough because its icy sur­face is heav­i­ly cratered. And a close inspec­tion of Mimas (cen­ter bot­tom), though dif­fi­cult to see at this scale, shows sur­face irreg­u­lar­i­ties due to its own vio­lent his­to­ry. This view looks toward the anti-Sat­urn hemi­sphere of Titan. North on Titan is up. The image was tak­en in vis­i­ble light with the Cassi­ni space­craft nar­row-angle cam­era on March 25, 2015. Cred­it: NASA/J­PL-Cal­tech/­Space Sci­ence Insti­tute #nasa #cassi­ni #sat­urn #space #moon #mimas #titan #rhea #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Echoes of a Stel­lar End­ing on Super­no­va Sun­day: Over 11,000 years ago, a mas­sive, super­giant star came to the end of its life. The star’s core col­lapsed to form an incred­i­bly dense ball of neu­trons, and its exte­ri­or was blast­ed away in an immense release of ener­gy astronomers call a super­no­va. The light from this super­no­va first reached Earth from the direc­tion of the con­stel­la­tion Cas­siopeia around 1667 A.D. If any­one alive at the time saw it, they left no records. It is like­ly that large amounts of dust between the dying star and Earth dimmed the bright­ness of the explo­sion to the point that it was bare­ly, if at all, vis­i­ble to the unaid­ed eye. The rem­nant of this super­no­va was dis­cov­ered in 1947 from its pow­er­ful radio emis­sion. List­ed as Cas­siopeia A, it is one of the bright­est radio sources in the whole sky. More recent­ly, the Wide-field Infrared Sur­vey Explor­er (WISE), detect­ed infrared echoes of the flash of light rip­pling out­wards from the super­no­va. In the image, the cen­tral bright cloud of dust is the blast wave mov­ing through inter­stel­lar space heat­ing up dust as it goes. The col­ors used in this image rep­re­sent spe­cif­ic wave­lengths of infrared light. Blue and cyan (blue-green) rep­re­sent light emit­ted pre­dom­i­nant­ly from stars at wave­lengths of 3.4 and 4.6 microns. Green and red rep­re­sent light most­ly emit­ted by dust at 12 and 22 microns, respec­tive­ly. Image cred­it: NASA/J­PL-Cal­tech/U­CLA #super­nova­sun­day #super­no­va #nasa #space #sci­ence #chan­dra #super­bowl #sb49

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

NASA astro­naut Scott Kel­ly (@StationCDRKelly), cur­rent­ly on a one-year mis­sion aboard the Inter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion, took this pho­to­graph of Trop­i­cal Storm Bill in the Gulf of Mex­i­co as it approached the coast of Texas, on June 15, 2015. Kel­ly wrote, «Con­cerned for all in its path includ­ing fam­i­ly, friends & col­leagues.» Trop­i­cal Storm Bill was mak­ing land­fall at 11 a.m. CDT on Matagor­da Island, Texas on June 16 as NASA and NOAA satel­lites gath­ered data on the storm. The cen­ter of Bill is expect­ed to move inland over south-cen­tral Texas dur­ing the after­noon and night of June 16. Image Cred­it: NASA #nasa #trop­i­cal­storm #tsbill #bill #space #iss #spaces­ta­tion #satel­lites #noaa @NASA #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

[Image is an artist’s con­cept] They would­n’t float like bal­loons or give you the chance to talk in high, squeaky voic­es, but plan­ets with heli­um skies may con­sti­tute an exot­ic plan­e­tary class in our Milky Way galaxy. Researchers using data from our Spitzer Space Tele­scope pro­pose that warm Nep­tune-size plan­ets with clouds of heli­um may be strewn about the galaxy by the thou­sands. This artist’s con­cept depicts a pro­posed heli­um-atmos­phere plan­et called GJ 436b, which was found by Spitzer to lack in methane — a first clue about its lack of hydro­gen. Cred­its: NASA/J­PL-Cal­tech” (artist’s con­cept) #nasa #space #spitzer #galaxy #plan­et #milky­way #heli­um #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Three crew mem­bers of the Inter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion (ISS) returned to Earth today after a 199-day mis­sion that includ­ed sev­er­al space­walks, tech­nol­o­gy demon­stra­tions, and hun­dreds of sci­en­tif­ic exper­i­ments span­ning mul­ti­ple dis­ci­plines, includ­ing human and plant biol­o­gy. The Soyuz TMA-15M space­craft is seen in this image as it lands with Expe­di­tion 43 com­man­der Ter­ry Virts (@Astro_Terry) of NASA, cos­mo­naut Anton Shkaplerov of the Russ­ian Fed­er­al Space Agency (Roscos­mos), and Ital­ian astro­naut Saman­tha Cristo­fore­t­ti from Euro­pean Space Agency (ESA) near the town of Zhezkaz­gan, Kaza­khstan. Cred­its: NASA/Bill Ingalls #nasa #space #soyuz #iss #iss­crew #esa #exp43 #spaces­ta­tion

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Fresh Mar­t­ian Crater: The High Res­o­lu­tion Imag­ing Sci­ence Exper­i­ment (HiRISE) cam­era aboard our Mars Recon­nais­sance Orbiter acquired this close­up image of a «fresh» (on a geo­log­i­cal scale, though quite old on a human scale) impact crater in the Sirenum Fos­sae region of Mars on March 30, 2015. This impact crater appears rel­a­tive­ly recent as it has a sharp rim and well-pre­served ejec­ta. The steep inner slopes are carved by gul­lies and include pos­si­ble recur­ring slope lin­eae on the equa­tor-fac­ing slopes. Fresh craters often have steep, active slopes, so the HiRISE team is mon­i­tor­ing this crater for changes over time. The bedrock lithol­o­gy is also diverse. The crater is a lit­tle more than 1‑kilometer wide. Image Cred­it: NASA/JPL/University of Ari­zona #mars #nasa #mro #uar­i­zona #hirise #crater #plan­ets #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

50 years ago today, astro­naut Ed White float­ed out of the Gem­i­ni IV space­craft to become the first Amer­i­can to walk in space dur­ing the first Mis­sion Con­trolled from Hous­ton’s manned space­craft cen­ter. In this image, White floats in the micro­grav­i­ty of space out­side the Gem­i­ni IV space­craft. Behind him is the bril­liant blue Earth and its white cloud cov­er. White is wear­ing a spe­cial­ly-designed space suit. The visor of the hel­met is gold plat­ed to pro­tect him against the unfil­tered rays of the sun. In his left hand is a Hand-Held Self-Maneu­ver­ing Unit with which he con­trols his move­ments in space. Cred­its: NASA/Jim McDi­vitt #nasa #space #gem­i­ni #otd #space­walk #eva #spacewalk50 #suit­up #mis­sion­con­trol #hous­ton

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

It’s #Black­Fri­day, but for us, it’s the sec­ond annu­al #Black­Hole­Fri­day. Today, we’ll post pics & info about black holes. What Is a Black Hole? A black hole is a region in space where the pulling force of grav­i­ty is so strong that light is not able to escape. The strong grav­i­ty occurs because mat­ter has been pressed into a tiny space. This com­pres­sion can take place at the end of a star’s life. Some black holes are a result of dying stars. Because no light can escape, black holes are invis­i­ble. How­ev­er, space tele­scopes with spe­cial instru­ments can help find black holes. They can observe the behav­ior of mate­r­i­al and stars that are very close to black holes. Pic­tured here is an artist’s draw­ing a black hole named Cygnus X‑1. It formed when a large star caved in. This black hole pulls mat­ter from blue star beside it. Image Cred­it: NASA/CXC/M.Weiss #NASA #Space #Black­hole #black­holes

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Arch­es Clus­ter, the dens­est known star clus­ter in the Milky Way, is locat­ed about 25,000 light-years from Earth in the con­stel­la­tion of Sagit­tar­ius (The Archer), close to the heart of our galaxy, the Milky Way. It’s a fair­ly young astro­nom­i­cal object at between two and four mil­lion years old. The Arch­es clus­ter is so dense that in a region with a radius equal to the dis­tance between the sun and its near­est star there would be over 100,000 stars! At least 150 stars with­in the clus­ter are among the bright­est ever dis­cov­ered in the Milky Way. These stars are so bright and mas­sive that they will burn their fuel with­in a short time (on a cos­mo­log­i­cal scale that means just a few mil­lion years). Then they will die in spec­tac­u­lar super­no­va explo­sions. Due to the short life­time of the stars in the clus­ter the gas between the stars con­tains an unusu­al­ly high amount of heav­ier ele­ments, which were pro­duced by ear­li­er gen­er­a­tions of stars. Image cred­it: NASA/ESA #nasa #space #milky­way #galaxy #stars #nasabe­yond #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

This 12-frame mosa­ic pro­vides the high­est res­o­lu­tion view ever obtained of the side of Jupiter’s moon Europa that faces the giant plan­et. It was obtained on Nov. 25, 1999 by the cam­era onboard the Galileo space­craft, a past NASA mis­sion to Jupiter and its moons which end­ed in 2003. Today, we select­ed nine sci­ence instru­ments for a mis­sion to Jupiter’s moon Europa, to inves­ti­gate whether the mys­te­ri­ous icy moon could har­bor con­di­tions suit­able for life. The Galileo mis­sion yield­ed strong evi­dence that Europa, about the size of Earth­’s moon, has an ocean beneath a frozen crust of unknown thick­ness. If proven to exist, this glob­al ocean could have more than twice as much water as Earth. With abun­dant salt water, a rocky sea floor, and the ener­gy and chem­istry pro­vid­ed by tidal heat­ing, Europa could be the best place in the solar sys­tem to look for present day life beyond our home plan­et. Image Cred­it: NASA/JPL/University of Ari­zona #nasa #nasabe­yond #europa #jupiter #moon #plan­et #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Explod­ed Star Blooms Like a Cos­mic Flower: Because the debris fields of explod­ed stars, known as super­no­va rem­nants, are very hot, ener­getic, and glow bright­ly in X‑ray light, NASA’s Chan­dra X‑ray Obser­va­to­ry has proven to be a valu­able tool in study­ing them. The super­no­va rem­nant called G299.2–2.9 (or G299 for short) is locat­ed with­in our Milky Way galaxy, but Chandra’s new image of it is rem­i­nis­cent of a beau­ti­ful flower here on Earth. G299 was left over by a par­tic­u­lar class of super­novas called Type Ia. Astronomers think that a Type Ia super­no­va is a ther­monu­clear explo­sion – involv­ing the fusion of ele­ments and release of vast amounts of ener­gy − of a white dwarf star in a tight orbit with a com­pan­ion star. If the white dwarf’s part­ner is a typ­i­cal, Sun-like star, the white dwarf can become unsta­ble and explode as it draws mate­r­i­al from its com­pan­ion. Alter­na­tive­ly, the white dwarf is in orbit with anoth­er white dwarf, the two may merge and can trig­ger an explo­sion. Image Cred­it: NASA/CXC/U.Texas #nasa #chan­dra #space #super­no­va #astron­o­my #sci­ence

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

25 years ago today on April 24, 1990, the Hub­ble Space Tele­scope was launched. It was deployed on April 25, as seen in this pho­to­graph tak­en in 1990 by the crew of the STS-31 space shut­tle mis­sion, the Hub­ble Space Tele­scope is sus­pend­ed above shut­tle Dis­cov­ery’s car­go bay some 332 nau­ti­cal miles above Earth. The Cana­di­an-built Remote Manip­u­la­tor Sys­tem (RMS) arm, con­trolled from in-cab­in by the astro­naut crew mem­bers, held the huge tele­scope in this posi­tion dur­ing pre-deploy­ment pro­ce­dures, which includ­ed exten­sion of solar array pan­els and anten­nae. STS-31 was the tenth launch of the shut­tle Dis­cov­ery. On board were Com­man­der Loren J. Shriv­er, Pilot Charles F. Bold­en, Jr. (now NASA Admin­is­tra­tor), Mis­sion Spe­cial­ists Steven A. Haw­ley, Bruce McCan­d­less II and Kathryn D. Sul­li­van (now NOAA Admin­is­tra­tor). To launch Hub­ble into an orbit that guar­an­teed longevi­ty, Dis­cov­ery soared to a record alti­tude of 600 km. Image Cred­it: NASA #Hubble25 #nasa #space #hub­ble #tele­scope #tbt

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Hon­or­ing Jack­ie Robin­son: «Hon­or­ing #Jack­ieR­obin­son today! #42» wrote NASA astro­naut Ter­ry Virts, wear­ing a repli­ca Jack­ie Robin­son jer­sey on orbit in the cupo­la of the Inter­na­tion­al Space Sta­tion. April 15, which was base­bal­l’s open­ing day in 1947, has now come to com­mem­o­rate Jack­ie Robin­son’s mem­o­rable career and his place in his­to­ry as the first black major league base­ball play­er in the mod­ern era. He made his­to­ry with the Brook­lyn Dodgers (now the Los Ange­les Dodgers) and he was induct­ed to the Base­ball Hall of Fame in 1962. Image Cred­it: NASA #nasa #jack­ier­obin­son #jackie42 #Jack­ieR­obin­son­Day #42 #space #iss #spaces­ta­tion

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

Earth From Space: 15 Years of Amaz­ing Things The view of Earth from orbit is nev­er the same – from minute to minute, day to day, year to year. In Decem­ber of 1999 NASA launched a satel­lite that opened up a new era in our abil­i­ty to see, mea­sure and under­stand Earth. The satel­lite called Ter­ra rock­et­ed to space on Dec. 18, 1999. (And while it was designed for a five-year mis­sion life – Ter­ra is still up there, col­lect­ing invalu­able data on Earth’s land, atmos­phere and oceans.) In 2002 and 2004, satel­lites named Aqua and Aura fol­lowed. These are often called the three flag­ship satel­lites of NASA’s Earth Observ­ing Sys­tem — which began in earnest with Ter­ra and now com­pris­es a fleet of 18 Earth-observ­ing satel­lites that have rev­o­lu­tion­ized our abil­i­ty to observe our home plan­et from space. NASA and oth­er space agen­cies had launched satel­lites to study Earth before. But the past 15 years have pro­duced a more com­pre­hen­sive look at Earth from space than any oth­er peri­od in his­to­ry. At a time when our plan­et is under­go­ing crit­i­cal­ly impor­tant changes, this glob­al view offers not only stun­ning imagery but also vital­ly impor­tant infor­ma­tion about how Earth is chang­ing. In 2002, NASA sci­en­tists and visu­al­iz­ers stitched togeth­er strips of brand new data, in nat­ur­al col­or, col­lect­ed over four months from the Mod­er­ate Res­o­lu­tion Imag­ing Spec­tro­ra­diome­ter, or MODIS, instru­ment aboard Ter­ra. Seen here is the west­ern hemi­sphere of that Blue Mar­ble image. Image Cred­it: NASA’s Earth Observatory

Фото опубликовано NASA (@nasa)

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